ABRAvailable Bit Rate
ACAlternating Current
ACPIAdvanced Configuration and Power Management Interface
AEApplications Engineer
AFSAndrew File System
AGPAdvanced graphics port
AIArtificial Intelligence
ALUArithmetic-Logic Unit
AMAmplitude Modulated
AMDAdvanced Micro Devices, Inc.
AMIAmerican Megatrends Inc.
AMPAsymmetric Multi-Processing
ANSIAmerican National Standards Institute
APICAdvanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
APMAdvanced Power Management
ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASICApplication Specific Integrated Circuit
ASPIAdvanced SCSI Programming Interface
ATAAdvanced Technology Attachment
ATAPIATA Packet Interface
ATDMAsynchronous Time Division Multiplexing
ATMAsynchronous Transfer Mode
ATRACAdaptive Transform Accoustic Coding
AUIAttached Unit Interface
BBSBulletin Board System
BCCBlock Check Character
BCDBinary Coded Decimal
BEBack End
BERBit Error Rate
BGABall Grid Array
BiCMOSBipolar Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
BIOSBasic Input / Output System
BNCBayonet Nut Connector
BPS / bpsBytes/bits Per Second
BSCBinary Synchronous Communications
BSDBerkeley Standard Distribution
BTUBritish Thermal Units
BTXBalanced Technology Extended Specification
CADComputer Aided Design
CAMComputer Aided Manufacturing
CAMContent Addressable Memory
CAMCommon Access Method (Committee)
CASColumn Address Strobe
CBXCommon Branch eXtender
CCDCharge Coupled Device
CCITTConsultative Committee of International Telephony and Telegraphy
CDCarrier Detect
CDDICopper Distributed Data Interface
CDROMCompact Disk Read Only Memory
CERDIPCERamic Dual-In-line Package
CGAColor Graphics Adaptor
CHSCylinder Head Sector
CISCComplex Instruction-Set Computer
CLACarry Lookahead Adder
CMOSComplementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
CP/MControl Program / Monitor
CPGACeramic Pin Grid Array
CPIClocks Per Instruction
CQFPCeramic Quad-FlatPack
CPUCentral Processing Unit
CPUIDCentral Processing Unit Identification number
CRCarriage Return
CRCCyclical redundancy check
CRQCommand Response Queue
CRTCathode Ray Tube
CSChip Select
CSMACarrier Sense Multiple-Access
CSMA/CDCarrier Sense Multiple-Access with Collision Detect
CSRCommand Status Register
CTSClear To Send
DAEDigital Audio Extraction
DASDDirect Access Storage Device
DATDigital Audio Tape
DCDirect Current
DCDData Carrier Detect
DCEData Circuit-terminating Equipment
DDDouble Density
DECDigital Equipment Corporation
DESData Encryption Standard
DIDDirect Inward Dial
DIMMDual Inline Memory Module
DINDeutsche Industrie Norm
DIPDual-In-line Package
DISDraft International Standard
DMADirect Memory Access
DMIDesktop Management Interface
DOSDisk Operating System
DPEData Parity Error
DPSKDifferential Phase Shift Keying
DRAMDynamic Random Access Memory
DSDouble Sided
DSPDigital Signal Processor
DSRData Set Ready
DTCData Terminal Controller
DTEData Terminating Equipment
DTMFDual-Tone MultiFrequency
DTRData Terminal Ready
DVDDigital Versatile Disk
EBCDICExtended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
ECCError Correction Code
ECLEmitter-Coupled Logic
ECOEngineering Change Order
ECUEISA Configuration Utility
EDOExtended Data Out
EEPROMElectrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EGAEnhanced Graphics Adaptor
EIAElectronic Industries Association
EIDEEnhanced IDE
EISAEnhanced Industry Standard Architecture
EMIElectro-Magnetic Interference
EMFElectro-Magnetic Force
EMSExpanded Memory Specification
EOFEnd Of File
EOLEnd Of Line
EOSElectrical Overstress
EPROMErasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
ESCDExtended Setup Configuration Data
ESDElectro-Static Discharge
ESDIEnhanced Small Devices Interface
FATFile Allocation Table
FCCFederal Communications Commission
FDDFixed Disk Drive (or Floppy Disk Drive)
FDDIFiber Distributed Data Interface
FDMFrequency Division Multiplexing
FDXFull-Duplex Transmission
FEFront End
FEPFront End Processor
FFForm Feed
FIFOFirst-In First-Out
FILOFirst-In Last-Out (same as LIFO)
FMFrequency Modulation
FPGAField Programmable Gate Array
FPUFloating Point Unit
FRUField-Replaceable Unit
FSFFree Software Foundation
FSKFrequency Shifty Keying
FTPFile Transfer Program
GASGallium Arsenide
GFLOPSBillions (10^9) of FLOating Point Operations Per Second ("GigaFlops")
GNUGnu's Not Unix
GUIGraphical User Interface
HDHigh Density
HDDHard Disk Drive
HDXHalf-Duplex Transmission
HFSHierarchical File System
HPFSHigh Performance File System
HSHelical Scan
I/OInput / Output
IASIGInteractive Audio Special Interest Group
IBMInternational Business Machines Corp.
ICIntegrated Circuit
ICUISA Configuration Utility
IDCInsulation Displacement Connector
IDEIntegrated Device Electronics
IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IMPInterface Message Processor
IPCInterProcess Communication
IRQInterrupt ReQuest
ISAIndustry Standard Architecture
ISDNIntegrated Services Digital Network
ISOInternational Standards Organization
JedecJoint Electronic Device Engineering Council
JFSJournaled File System
LANLocal Area Network
LAPMLink Access Procedure M
LBALinear Block Array
LCDLiquid Crystal Display
LEDLight Emitting Diode
LFLine Feed
LIFLow Insertion Force
LIMLotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory Manager Specification
LRULeast-Recently Used
LSB/lsbLeast Significant Byte/bit
LSILarge Scale Integration
LUNLogical Unit Number
MANMetropolitan Area Network
MB/MbMega Bytes/bits
MBRMaster Boot Record
MCAMicro Channel Architecture
MCGAMulti-Color Graphics Array
MCMMulti-Chip Module
MFLOPSMillions of FLOating Point Operations per Second ("MegaFlops")
MFMModified Frequency Modulated
MICRMagnetic Ink Character Recognition
MIDIMusical Instrument Digital Interface
MIMDMultiple-Instruction Multiple-Data
MIPSMillions of Instructions per Second
MISDMultiple-Instruction Single Data
MMCMobile Module Cartridge
MMCMicrosoft Management Console
MMUMemory Management Unit
MNPMicrocom Network Protocol
MODEMMOdulator / DEModulator
MOPSMillions of Operations Per Second
MOSMetal-Oxide Semiconductor
MPEGMotion Picture Expert Group
MPPMassively Parallel Processor
MQFPMetal Quad Flat Package
MSB/msbMost Significant Byte/bit
MSDOSMicrosoft Disk Operating System
MSIMedium Scale Integration
MTBFMean Time Between Failure
MTUMaximum Transfer Unit
NBSNational Bureau of Standards
NEMANational Electrical Manufacturers Association
NFSNetwork File System
NFUNot-Frequently Used
NIUNetwork Interface Unit
NMINon-Maskable Interrupt
NMOSNegatively doped Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
NOPNo OPeration
NRUNot-Recently Used
NSFNational Science Foundation
NUMANon-Uniform Memory Access
NVRAMNon-Volatile Random Access Memory
OCROptical Character Recognition
ODIOpen Datalink Interface
OEMOriginal Equipment Manufacturer
OSOperating System
OSFOpen Software Foundation
OSIOpen Systems Interconnect
OSPMOperating System Direct Power Management
PAL/PLAProgrammable Array Logic (Logic Array)
PBPush Button
PBXPrivate Branch eXtender
PCPersonal Computer, Program Counter
PCBPrinted Circuit Board
PCIPeripheral Component Interconnect
PCMPulse Code Modulation
PCMCIAPersonal Computer Memory Card International Association
PEProcessor Element
PFFPage Fault Frequency
PGAPin Grid Array
PICProgrammable Interrupt Controller
PIOProgrammed Input/Output
PLCCPlastic Leaded Chip Carrier
PLLPhase Locked Loop
PMPreventive Maintenance
PMOSPositively doped Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
POSTPower On Self Test
PPGAPlastic Pin Grid Array
PPPPoint-to-Point Protocol
PPTPPoint-to-Point Tunneling Protocol
PQFPPlastic Quad-Flat Package
PROMProgrammable Read-Only Memory
PSTNPublic Switched Telephone Network
PTEPage Table Entry
QAMQuadrature Amplitude Modulation
QICQuarter Inch Cartridge
QoSQuality of Service
RAIDRedundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks
RAMRandom Access Memory
RAMDACRandom Access Memory Digital to Analog Converter
RASRow Address Strobe
RCARadio Corporation of America
RCCRouting Control Center
RFCRequest For Comments
RFIRadio Frequency Interference
RIRing Indicator
RISCReduced Instruction-Set Computer
RLLRun Length Limited
RMMRead Mostly Memory (same as EPROM)
RMSRoot Mean Squared
RMWRead Modify Write
ROMRead-Only Memory
RPCRemote Procedure Call
RPMRotations Per Minute
RTCReal Time Clock
RTSRequest To Send
SAMSequential Access Memory
SASIShugart Associates Standard Interface
SCSISmall Computer Systems Interface
SDSingle Density
SDLCSynchronous Data Link Control
SDRAMSynchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SESystems Engineer
SECSingle Edge Contact
SEPPSingle Edge Processor Package
SGRAMSynchronous Graphics Random Access Memory
SIMDSingle-Instruction Multiple-Data
SIMMSingle Inline Memory Module
SIPPSingle Inline Pinned Package
SISDSingle-Instruction Single-Data
SLIPSerial Line Internet Protocol
SMBSystem Management Bus (see
SMDSurface Mount Device
SMTSurface Mount Technology
SMPSymmetric Multi-Processing
SNASystem Network Architecture
SNRSignal to Noise Ratio
SO/SOLSmall OutLine
SOISilicon On Insulator
SOICSmall Outline Integrated Circuit
SPECSystem Performance Evaluation Corporation
SPOOLSimultaneous Peripheral Operation On Line
SPTSectors Per Track
SPUSingle Processor Unit
SQESignal Quality Error
SQFPShrink Quad Flat Package
SRAMStatic Random Access Memory
SSSingle Sided
STDMSynchronous Time Division Multiplexing
STNSuper Twisted Nematic
STUStreaming Tape Unit
SVCSwitched Virtual Channel
SVGASuper Video Graphics Array
TCMTrellis Code Modulation
TCPTape Carrier Package
TCP/IPTransmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
TDMTime Division Multiplexing
TITexas Instruments
TIATelecomm. Industry Assocation
TLBTranslation-Lookaside Buffer
TPITracks Per Inch
TSRTerminate and Stay Resident
TTLTransistor-Transistor Logic
TÜVTechnischer Überwachungs Verein
UARTUniversal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
UDPUser Datagram Protocol
UMBUpper Memory Block
UPSUninterruptible Power Supply
URMUniversal Retention Module
USLUnix System Labs
UTPUnshielded Twisted Pair
UUCPUnix to Unix Copy Program
VCVirtual Channel
VCIVirtual Channel Identifier
VCRVideo Cassette Recorder
VESAVideo Enhanced Standards Association
VGAVideo Graphics Array
VLIWVery Long Instruction Word
VLSIVery Large Scale Integration
VMVirtual Memory
VMEVersa Module Eurocard
VPVirtual Path
VRVirtual Reality
VRAMVideo Random Access Memory
VTRVideo Tape Recorder
WANWide Area Network
WATSWide Area Telephone Service
WDWestern Digital
WORMWrite-Once Read-Many
WSWait State
XGAeXtended Graphics Array
XMSExtended Memory Specification
XTeXtended Technology
ZIFZero Insertion Force
ZIPZigzag In-Line Package